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Website Hosting Quick Guide

The Internet offers many opportunities for enterprising webmasters to set up their own websites and start their own online businesses. Before getting involved in the Internet, it is important to understand the various components that are involved. A lot of people get confused by the various terms that are used to describe the Internet, such as “the cloud”, which is a shorthand term for the Internet itself. In turn, they also have difficulty fully comprehending the various computer electronics that are used to provide Internet service and websites. For those who want to host their own sites, here is a guide to understanding website hosting.

Websites are hosted on special computers called servers. A server is a computer expressly designed to perform operations, process requests and deliver data to other communicating computers, which are called clients. The server can deliver data either over a local network or over the Internet. Server computers typically have a very fast connection to the Internet, which is necessary for them to transmit large amounts of data. If the server is hosting a well-known website, it will typically get several thousand requests per day. That gives the Internet server an idea of how much processing power is required.

For companies that offer multiple hosting servers, they usually place their servers in data centers, which are collections of server computers. These data centers are usually tightly controlled in terms of climate, security, power supply, etc. Many web hosting companies use data centers to host the websites in their name; essentially they rent out server space.

Once a server computer is selected, the website is actually set up. A website consists of three elements: a domain name, a name server, and the server computer. The actual raw data of the website is stored on the server computer. The name server connects the server computer to the domain name. The domain name is the physical address of the site. Computers talk to one another in numbers, which means that the domain name is translated into numbers when a computer sends a request to connect to it.

The numbers address is the Internet Protocol or IP address. Internet Protocol is the formal description of message formats and the rules for exchanging those messages. The IP address, therefore, provides the physical location of the website by providing a location for other computers to locate via the Internet Protocol.

All of these aspects are important to setting up and maintaining a website, but for the purposes of this article, the most important part of web hosting is finding the right hosting company. A good hosting company will have plenty of server space, an excellent reputation, and the technical skills and expertise on how to fix any errors as well as how to upgrade their client’s sites, if necessary.

Continue to the hosting guide or view the rest of the domain name guide.

Domain Name Guide